Solar Power Plant in Iran
Since the typical power plants use fossil fuels, it would not only expire soon but also cause environmental pollution. According to evaluations, the environmental pollution is 21.3 kilograms of various oxides, carbon, and carbon monoxide and 657 kilogram CO2 per megawatt-hour of generated energy using diesel fuel.
Iran is located in an area which is between 25 to 40 degrees latitude and has a great status in terms of solar energy all over the world. The solar radiation in Iran is estimated to be between 1800 and 2200 kilowatt-hours per square meter per year, which is higher than the global average. Based on Meteorological reports, the average of sunny days in Iran is estimated at over 280 days per year which is a significant figure. This solar energy is more tangible in cities located in the center of Iran’s plateau such as Yazd, Kerman, Semnan, and Isfahan. Accordingly, it is always emphasized to use this natural source of energy.
The cost of constructing 1,600 megawatts of combined cycle power plant plus its required network is more than 6,450 billion toman of which 850 billion toman annually is due to the cost of fuel, not considering the cost of the management, while the cost of executing a solar power plant barely reaches to 6,000 billion toman. The comparison of two 6000 and 6450 billion toman indicates that in terms of the national economy, the solar generator is cheaper than thermal power in the same year.
There are about 60,000 megawatts of proven electrical capacity in the country, in the field of solar energy. Meanwhile, there are about 75,000 megawatts of installed capacity in the country about 93 percent of which is generated by thermal power plants. Iran is one of the top 10 countries in the solar energy sector but unfortunately, only about 7 percent of the country’s energy is supplied with green energy.
There is a reduction in the cost of manufacturing solar panels by a fifth over the past 10 years. There are currently no other sources of energy that could experience such a development. It is also anticipated that with the launch of commercial low-cost new ones, implementing these panels by the end of 2016 will have a price drop of over 30%. Nowadays, many countries – from Egypt to European countries and the United States – invest hugely in the construction and development of this field.
The average lifetime of solar panels has been around for more than 25 years, and this will greatly guarantee the return on investment (ROI). Due to the economic recession condition, there are few investment areas favorable enough for investors in terms of long-term profitability.
Also, a large part of our country consists of desert areas that have no role in the national production. By connecting solar networks constructed in the desert areas, we can use every single square meter of the country to increase revenue and contribute to country development.
According to the international standard, using solar energy models such as solar collectors or photovoltaic systems are economical and cost-effective if the average solar energy in the day is greater than 3.5 kWh per square meter (3,500 watts). To the best of meteorologist experts knowledge, having about 300 sunny days a year makes Iran as one of the best worldwide solar energy generator, which is a promise for investors who are in doubt about returning theirs on investment and profits.